Pigmentation Treatment in Chandigarh

Make the skin look brighter with the best pigmentation treatment in Chandigarh offered by an expert and top skin doctor at Dr. Ishaa Junejaa Aesthetics.
Pigmentation is a term having to do with skin coloration. The unique color of the skin depends upon the amount of colored pigment (melanin) produced by the specialized skin cells called melanocytes. Melanin is a colored pigment responsible for different colors and shades of the skin, hair, mucous membranes, and retina of the eyes. A fair-skinned individual has low levels of melanin in their skin while a dark-skinned person has high melanin deposition.
Skin pigmentation can become a common skin concern when there is an imbalance in melanin production: excess or low melanin is present in the skin. Skin pigmentation disorders are harmless but considered aesthetic skin concerns. They can happen in small or large areas of the skin and may even affect the skin of the whole body. To manage them, it’s important to understand different types of pigmentation and their causes. 

Both internal and external factors contribute to skin pigmentation disorders. Some of the common external factors causing skin pigmentation include skin injury/trauma and inflammation, allergies, medication side effects, and sun exposure. The common internal factors include hereditary factors, hormonal fluctuations, Endocrine diseases, and some medical conditions like Addison’s disease. Pigmentation can be avoided to some extent by limiting sun exposure.    

What are the Different Types of Pigmentation?

Pigmentation is of two types: Hypopigmentation and Hyperpigmentation.

  • Hypopigmentation: Hypopigmentation occurs when there is low production of melanin causing loss of natural skin color in spots or patches. It can affect people from their birth or at a later life stage because of any disease or trauma. Hypopigmentation disorders include Albinism, Vitiligo, and Pityriasis alba.
  • Hyperpigmentation: Hyperpigmentation is the result of excessive melanin production leading to skin darker than the surrounding areas. The hyperpigmentation issues include melasma, freckles, solar lentigines, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. 

Whatever may be the type of pigmentation, there are many medical treatment options available for its removal. At Dr. Ishaa Junejaa Aesthetics Clinic, to provide the best pigmentation treatment in Chandigarh, the skin doctor first performs a thorough analysis. Following that, the treatment procedure is designed. The first line of treatment is the use of topical creams containing Vitamin C, kojic acid, niacinamide, retinoic acid, azelaic acid, and hydroquinone. When these creams fail to treat skin pigmentation even after daily use for several weeks or months, the doctor recommends other aesthetic treatments. These include chemical peels, microdermabrasion, intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy, and laser resurfacing.

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is a medical term referring to the darkening of the skin in spots or patches. These spots or patches appear darker than their surrounding normal skin complexion. The darkening of the skin can even cover larger areas and rarely affect the entire body. It is not a harmful or serious medical concern, but rather a cosmetic skin issue that makes people self-conscious. In some cases, it may be a symptom of another medical problem. It is a fairly common skin concern that can develop in people of any skin type, race, or ethnicity and stay life-long.

If one is suffering from pigmentation, they can get an advanced pigmentation treatment in Chandigarh, at Dr. Ishaa Junejaa Aesthetics to get rid of all types of skin pigmentation and aesthetic issues and achieve a spotless, tan free, glowing skin tone.

Hyperpigmentation is an outcome of the overproduction of melanin in the skin. Melanin is a colored pigment responsible for the skin’s color. It is produced by specialized skin cells called melanocytes that are found in the skin dermis. The excess melanin gets deposited deep within the skin and results in darker skin in those areas. Hyperpigmentation can appear as black, brown, red, pink, or gray spots or patches.

What causes Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is commonly caused due to increase in the production of melanin. When the melanocytes get damaged or are unhealthy, they can produce more melanin. Several conditions or factors can contribute to melanin deposits in some areas of the skin, causing the area to look darker than usual. These are:

  • Side effects of certain medications such as oral contraceptives and the drugs that cause photosensitivity to light like chemotherapy drugs
  • Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy (in some women) or at the time of puberty (in some teenagers)
  • Addison’s disease- a rare endocrine disorder where the body is not able to produce sufficient cortisol hormones. It can cause hyperpigmentation in the most obvious areas of sun exposure such as the face, neck, and hands as well as areas exposed to friction like the knees and elbows. 
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Excessive sun exposure or sun-damaged skin
  • Genetic predisposition, such as a family history of having freckles
  • Nutrients deficiency such as Vitamin B12 and folic acid
  • Skin injury like acne, cuts, or burns that cause an inflammatory response and abnormally heals to leave behind dark spots.

Consult now Dr. Ishaa Junejaa, an experienced cosmetologist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate hyperpigmentation treatment in Chandigarh if one is concerned about changes in skin color and skin darkening.

What causes Hyperpigmentation?

Types of Hyperpigmentation


It is a skin pigmentation disorder wherein brown spots/patches appear on the face due to hormonal changes at the time of pregnancy or exposure to UV from the sun, visible light, or infrared red light.


These are also called liver spots or solar lentigines. They are caused due to frequent or over-exposure to direct sunlight. Generally, these are noticed on the sun-exposed areas like the face and hands.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

These are dark spots or patches resulting from skin injury or inflammation, mostly from acne or eczema.

How can Hyperpigmentation be treated?

Sometimes hyperpigmentation can resolve on its own with good sun protection, while in other cases aggressive treatments by expert are needed. But, there is no guarantee that dark spots or patches will completely fade even with treatment. The effective pigmentation treatment in Chandigarh provided at the clinic comes with a list of possible approaches to treating hyperpigmentation, including:

  • Topical prescribed medications- Many creams, gels, ointments, or solutions contain skin-lightening agents. These contain ingredients like Vitamin C, niacin-amide), azelaic acid, glycolic acid, cortico-st-eroids, hydro-qui-none, ret-ino-ids, kojic acid, salicylic acid, and treti-noin. Their continued use for a few months can help lighten the dark spots
  • Sun protection- Daily wear physical blocking sunscreen, preferably with zinc oxide or iron oxide as the main ingredient to block some of the visible light that could darken the skin. It’s recommended to apply waterproof sunscreens with broad spectrum coverage of SPF 30-50. 
  • Chemical peels- This treatment involves the use of acids of varying strengths to treat the dark spots by removal of the affected superficial skin layers. Mild peels such as glycolic acid and lactic acid work only to remove the skin epidermis, moderate peels like salicylic acid penetrate only to the upper skin dermis, and deep peels such as trichloroacetic acid and phenol reach the middle skin layers to produce remarkable results. At the doctor’s office, various professional-grade peels can be chosen to treat hyperpigmentation based on the patient's needs. 

    Chemical peels work best for age spots, melasma, sun-damaged skin, and blotchy skin. For mild and moderate peels, multiple treatments are required to see desired results. 
  • Laser skin resurfacing- Lasers are of two types: ablative and non-ablative. Ablative lasers are more aggressive onto the skin and are used to remove the top skin layers while non-ablative types are used to heat the skin dermis and induce collagen remodeling without harming the skin dermis. Ablative lasers are more effective to reduce hyperpigmentation with targeted intense light. They act precisely and can help precisely get rid of excess melanin by selective photothermolysis of them. 

For more information on the best pigmentation treatment in Chandigarh, visit Dr. Ishaa Junejaa Aesthetics.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the home can Tips to Prevent Hyperpigmentation?

Although all the culprits behind hyperpigmentation cannot be prevented, there are some ways to protect the skin from being affected by hyperpigmentation. These includes:

  • Do not expose the skin to direct sunlight by stepping out in peak afternoon hours. Wear a wide-brimmed hat to shade the face from direct sunlight and even apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen of SPF 30 above on all the body areas that are not covered with clothing before stepping outside during the daytime. Re-apply sunscreens after every 2 hours when outside in the sun and more frequently if sweating or swimming. Wear sun-protective clothing which is SPF-infused.
  • Limit touching the skin. If the skin is repeatedly scratched or a spot or mosquito bite is picked, inflammation can develop and result in darker pigmentation on the face. Before using any skincare product or even make-up, make sure that the hands are washed first. 
  • Incorporate the use of Vitamin C-based products in the skincare regimen. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant known for its anti-aging and skin-brightening capabilities. It can help fight against free radicals and prevent oxidative damage caused due to frequent or excessive sun exposure. 
  • Avoid intake of certain medications that could photosensitize the skin and may cause skin darkening.  
  • Use physical blockers such as zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. 

What is the cost of pigmentation removal?

The cost of pigmentation treatment can vary from patient to patient. Decided by the following factors:

  • Age of the patient
  • severity of pigmentation
  • Dark Spots severity
  • Type of pigmentation
  • Number of treatment sessions offered
  • Type of technology used
  • Doctor experience.

Consult now the skin specialist at Dr. Ishaa Junejaa Aesthetics Clinic for more information on the cost of effective pigmentation treatment in Chandigarh.

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Clinic Timings

Wed-Mon: 10:00AM to 7:00PM | Tuesday: Closed